After looking at our new range of safety accessories earlier in the week, I thought I would stick with the theme of safety for today’s blog. All parents hope that their babies never have an accident that would require first aid, but it’s essential that you know what to do should that situation arise.
In this blog, we’re going to look at a number of medical emergencies and how to deal with them for babies under a year old.
- If your baby is totally unable to breathe, cough or cry, lay them face down along your forearm with their head low. While supporting the head and the back, strike the baby’s back five times with the heel of your hand.
- Then, check your baby’s mouth. If you can, remove any obstructions but be careful not to push anything further down.
- If the obstruction hasn’t been cleared, lay your baby on their back. Push inwards and upwards against their breastbone using two fingers. Do this up to five times and again, check for any obstruction in the mouth.
- Repeat the back blows and finger thrusts if necessary, but if these don’t work a second time, call 999. Keep going with the thrusts and blows until the ambulance arrives or your baby falls unconscious.
- Using a clean dressing, apply direct pressure to the wound and maintain this in order to stop the bleeding.
- Lay them down, and keep the injured limb above the level of their heart as this will reduce blood loss. Also, keep their legs raised to ease shock.
- Call 999 while keeping an eye on the baby as well as keeping the pressure on the wound up.
Not breathing (CPR)
- Hold the baby in your arms with their head tilted downward. This will stop them from choking on their tongue or inhaling vomit. Call 999.
- Call 999 and lay your baby on a flat surface. Place one hand on their forehead then one finger from your other hand under their chin to open their airway.
- Put your lips over their mouth and nose, and then blow steadily until their chest rises. Keeping the head tilted, take your mouth off of theirs until the chest falls. Do this five times.
- Then, put two fingers in the middle of your baby’s chest. Press down on the breastbone by one-third. You should do this 30 times in around 20 seconds.
- Go back to giving the breaths and carry on doing this until the ambulance arrives or your baby starts breathing again.
- If it’s a severe burn, call 99 immediately. Then, cool the burn by putting it under running water for at least ten minutes. While you do this, remove any jewellery or clothing as the area will start to swell.
- Cover the burn with non-fluffy material; cling film or a clean plastic bag are the best choices. Then keep the baby warm, comfortable and reassured while raising their legs to prevent shock until the ambulance arrives.
With any first aid, the important thing to remember is that it is never a substitute for proper treatment. You should call 999 as soon as possible or at least take your baby to A&E as soon as possible, depending on the severity of the injury.
In next week’s blog, we will look at some other accidents that might happen around the home. In the meantime, do you have any tips on dealing with accidents or perhaps any stories where first aid was essential? Be sure to let us know through the usual channels; a comment below, Facebook, Twitter or Google+.